Colombia is a land and sea country in northern South America. It borders Venezuela and Brazil in the east, Ecuador and Peru in the south, the Pacific Ocean in the west, Panama in the northwest, and the Caribbean Sea in the north. The pillar industries of the Republic of Colombia's national economy are agriculture and mining. It is rich in mineral resources, with oil, natural gas, coal, and emeralds as the main mineral deposits, among which emeralds rank first in the world. The industry is dominated by manufacturing, including cement, paper, alkali, steel, textile and other sectors. The main agricultural products are coffee, bananas, and flowers. Among them, the export volume of coffee and bananas ranks third in the world, and the export volume of flowers ranks second in the world.